Syed Jalal uddin Surkh Posh Bokhari RA

Syed Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari (Urdu: سید جلال الدین شرخ پوش بخاری‎, c. 595-690 AH, 1199–1291 CE) was a Sufi saint and missionary and was one of our ancestors. Bukhari died on the 19th day of the 5th month (Jumada al-awwal) 690 AH (20 May 1291 CE) in Uch, Punjab aged 95.Bukhari, a family name, is derived from his birthplace, Bukhara, in modern Uzbekistan. Bukhari is a Sayyid, a male who is a descendant of Muhammad. Bukhari’s ancestors were Muhammad’s grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Husayn ibn Ali. Bukhari was bornJalaluddin haider. However, he has a number of names and titles. He is known as Jalal Ganj; Mir Surkh (Red Leader); Sharrif ullah(Noble of Allah); Mir Buzurg (Big Leader); Makhdum-ul-Azam; Jalal Akbar; Azim ullah (Azim? of Allah); Sher Shah (Lion King); Jalal Azam and Surkh-Posh Bukhari. With formal honorifics, Bukhari is known as Sayyid Jalaluddin; Mir Surkh Bukhari; Shah Mir Surkh-Posh of Bukhara; Pir Jalaluddin Qutub-al-Aqtab; Sayyid Jalal and Sher Shah Sayyid Jalal. Bukhari was known as Surkh-posh (“clad in red”) because he often wore a red mantle.

Bukhari was born on Friday, the fifth day of the twelfth month (Dhu al-Hijjah) of the year 595 AH in Bukhara, in present-day Uzbekistan. Bukhari was the son of Syed Ali Al-Moeed and the grandson of Syed Ja’far Muhammed Hussain. Bukhari’s early education was provided by his father. He was later influenced by syed shahjamal mujarad.of kohlapur in modern-day India. His descendants are called bukhari because of him.

Fatima (first wife)

Bukhari’s first wife was Syeda Fatima, daughter of Syed Qasim. Bukhari and Fatima had two children, Ali and Ja’far. In 635 AH, after Fatima’s death, Bukhari moved with his two sons from Bukhara to Bhakkar. Ali and Ja’far are buried in Bukhara.

Zohra (second wife)

In Bhakkar, Bukhari married Bibi Tahireh (Zahra), daughter of Sayyid Badruddin Bhaakri, the son of Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki. Zohra and Bukhari had two sons: Sadruddin Mohammed Ghaus (who moved to the Punjab) and Bahauddin Mohamed Masoom. Their descendants live in and around Thatta, Uch (Deogarh) and Lahore. A daughter of Sadruddin Mohammed Ghaus married Jahaniyan Jahangasht.

Bibi Fatima Habiba Saeeda (third wife)

After Zohra’s death, Bukhari married the second daughter of Badruddin Bhakkari, Bibi Fatima Habiba Saeeda. They had a son, Syed Ahmed Kabir (Ahmed Kabir), who was the father of Jahaniyan Jahangasht and Makhdoom Sadruddin. It is mentioned within books of history that Sayyid Sadruddin, Sayyid Maah and Sayyid Shams who were the brothers of Sayyid Badruddin objected to him marrying his daughters to Bukhari and exiled him and Bukhari from Bhakkar.

Life’s work

Bukhari’s life was spent travelling. As an Islamic missionary, he converted tribes such as the Soomro, Samma, Chadhar, Sial, Daher and the Warar. Bukhari was one of the Chaar Yaar (not to be confused with the Rashidun). The Chaar Yaar were the group of pioneers of the Suhrawardiyya Sufi and Chisti movements of the 13th century. Bukhari founded the “Jalali” section of the Suhrawardiyya order of Sufi. He converted the Samma, the Sial, the Chadhar, the Daher and the Warar tribes of the Southern Punjab and Sindh. Some of his followers (mureed) spread to Gujarat. The mureed included Bukhari’s grandson, Jahaniyan Jahangasht (d. 1384 CE) who visited Mecca 36 times. Other mureed included Abu Muhammad Abdullah (Burhanuddin Qutb-e-Alam) (d. 1453 CE) and Shah e Alam(d. 1475 CE). In 1134 CE, the Sial followers of Bukhari settled in the community that is now Jhang. In the late 17th century, the settlement was washed away. Bukhari’s descendent, Mehboob Alam Naqvi-ul Bukhari Al-Maroof Shah Jewna, encouraged the followers to resettle the area. Many of Bukhari’s disciples are buried in Banbhore and Makli Hill near Thatta.

Death

In 1244 CE (about 640AH), Bukhari moved to Uch, Sindh with his son, Baha-ul-Halim, where he founded a religious school. He died in about 690 AH (1290 CE) and was buried in a small town near Uch. After his tomb was damaged by flood waters of the Ghaggar–Hakra River, Bukhari’s remains were buried in Qattal. In 1027 AH, Sajjada Nashin Makhdoom Hamid, son of Muhammad Nassir-u-Din, moved Bukhari’s remains to their present location in Uch and erected a building over them. In 1670 CE, the tomb was rebuilt by the Nawab of Bahawalpur, Bahawal Khan II. The tomb is a short way from the cemetery of Uch. It stands on a promontory overlooking the plains and the desert beyond. To one side of the tomb is a mosque decorated with blue tile work. In front of the tomb is a pool. A carved wooden door leads into the room containing Bukhari’s coffin. UNESCO describes the site:

The brick-built tomb measures 18 meters by 24 meters and its carved wooden pillars support a flat roof and it is decorated with glazed tiles in floral and geometric designs. The ceiling is painted with floral designs in lacquer and its floor covered with the graves of the saint and his relatives an interior partition provides purdah for those of his womenfolk. Its mosque consists of a hall, measuring 20 meters by 11 meters, with 18 wooden pillars supporting a flat roof. It was built of cut and dressed bricks and further decorated, internally and externally, with enamelled tiles in floral and geometric designs.

Mela Uch Sharif

The Mela Uch Sharif is a week-long mela (folk festival) held in March – April in Uch. People from the southern Punjab come to honour Bukhari’s role in spreading Islam. Participants visit Bukhari’s tomb, and offer Friday prayers at the local mosque which was built by the Abbasids. The mela commemorates the congregation of Sufi saints connected with Bukhari. It aligns with the Hindu calendar month of Chaitra.